Fly Fishing Strategies That Catch Trout
Length: 62 min.
plus 20 min.
Learn to Catch More Trout!
“Fly Fishing Strategies That Catch Trout” covers the game plans that anglers use to catch trout
under the varying conditions encountered on different streams at various times of the season. It
explains how to go about matching the hatch, fishing when there is no hatch and the when
specific or impressionistic imitations works best to your advantage. It reveals how, when
and where attractor flies are useful. Learn how to determine whether trout are feeding
opportunistically or selectively and how to handle either with proficiency and confidence. It
explains the timing and occurrence of hatches and how to adjust and utilize hatch chart
information. Learn how to read trout waters and locate trout fishing banks, riffles, runs, pools,
pocket water, current eddies and seams and still waters.
How Fly-fishing Got Started
Matching the Hatch
Choosing the Best Method
Using Attractor Flies
Choosing the Right Fly
Using Hatch Charts
Finding Trout-Pocket Water
Fly Fishing Small Streams
|..James with a nice rainbow trout on the Madison
|.........James selects a fly on the Salmon River, ID
How Fly-fishing Got Started:
Most likely, many, many years ago, some curious human being, probably a very hungry one,
noticed a trout approach the surface of the water and gulp down a fly. Undoubtedly, the idea hit
he or she, to catch a fly (maybe a grasshopper} put it on the end of something (who knows, the
end of a small vine attached to a stick), and then catch a trout. That person did just that and to
their amazement, it worked.
This is how fly-fishing started; but that is only the beginning of the story. Upon returning to the
cave with the trout, the person, no doubt was asked, first “how did you catch that ”, and after
receiving that bit of information, finally asked the question that they thought would uncover the
secret to it all - “what fly did you use to catch it on”? We know this is how fly-fishing got
started because nothing about it has changed. Until this day, the first question the
“knowledgeable” fly fisher is asked by other anglers is still the same one, “what fly did you use”?
In this presentation, we are not going to tell you “what fly to use”. What we are going to tell you
is how, when and where to find trout and how to catch them on the fly. By the time we are
finished, we hope that “you” will be able to either, figure out “what fly to use”, or if not, at least,
how to fool the trout into thinking you have.
Examples of some of the subject matter:
What Fly to Use:
Remember this one very important thing. The main reason you need to know the species of
insects the trout are feeding on and the stage of life they are in at the time, is not so much to be
able to match the natural with a perfect imitation. It is necessary in order that you know “how” to
Often, you can get by with a fly that just gets close to matching the natural. No always, but often.
But you will never get results fishing something the trout are not eating at the time or in places
where there are not any feeding trout. About the only thing that you can say positive about a fish
is that if there is not any there, you not going to catch one. That is a fact.
Should you be fishing a nymph or larvae imitation instead of a dry fly? Should the nymph or
larvae be presented dead-drift near the bottom to imitate naturals that are drifting with the
current or with action? Are nymphs crawling along the bottom to shore to hatch or are they
swimming? Should you be trying to imitate nymphs or pupae that are emerging? Maybe you
should be imitating adults that have just emerged and are departing the water seconds later?
Should you be imitating flies that are laying eggs by touching the water in flight? Are the flies you
see diving to the bottom to lay their eggs? Would you be better off imitating flies that have fallen
spent on the surface?
Never forget that choosing the right fly is not the single most important thing. You can catch trout
in most any stream on any one good nymph or any one good attractor dry fly, most of the time.
It must be said, however, that when a hatch is on, that consist of insects that your nymph or dry
fly does not’t imitate very well, and you are not willing to try to match it, you may be wise to
move to another location. Knowing how to match the hatch can be very beneficial and will
certainly increase your odds of success. Don’t forget, however, that knowing what type of
water to fish, exactly where to cast the fly and how to present it effectively, among many other
things are equally, if not more, just as important.
An example of the script from the program on fishing various types of water - in this
When you examine the bottom of the stream in a riffle, you will usually find a very diversified
topography. Pockets, holes and crevices of all types and sizes create current changes of various
speeds and directions. Not all of the water is moving swiftly in the same direction it may appear
to be doing. From an elevation perspective, a certain spot may have faster moving currents at
and near the surface and slower moving currents near the bottom. This provides an ideal place
for a trout to rest, expending little energy fighting strong currents, with a constant supply of food
passing a very short distance away in easy reach.
Look for areas of the riffles that have the most bubbles, floating leaves, debris, etc. Most likely, it
also has the most food and consequently, is a good spot to catch a surface feeding trout. Each
and every rock provides some type of current change, that not only may provide an ideal place
for a trout to rest, hide and feed, it may also provide the perfect home for nymphs. Stoneflies and
caddisflies hatch in the riffles. Never overlook them.
The rough water characteristic of streams and rivers with a lot of pocket water, usually allows
you the opportunity to get closer to trout than calm water. It is usually approached best in an
upstream direction. This allows you to make short cast of only fifteen to twenty feet in most
cases. Short cast not only give you more control over your line and fly, it lets you quickly pick up
and cast again to a rising fish or good looking spot. In other words, you can keep your fly in the
prime locations and not waste time in unproductive water. Also, you don’t waste a lot of time
stripping in line. The short cast permits you to cast again without making false cast that can
spook fish. Yet even another advantage is that the short upstream cast prevents you from having
to make cast across the mixed currents of the rough water and reduces the drag.
Copyright 2013 James Marsh, All Rights Reserved
Are you fishing where insects are emerging or laying eggs? If there is no action occurring where
you are fishing, is something going on somewhere else in slower moving water, calm water; faster
water of the riffles, fast water in the runs, or pocket water? Are the insects that are hatching, or
more importantly, about to hatch, mayflies, caddisflies, stoneflies or should you be trying to
match emerging midges. If none of this activity is happening, and that is often the case, when will
something happen? Would you be wise to stay until dark or head for the nearest bar and try
If you do not know what the trout are feeding on, or worse, know if they are even feeding or
not, you really just don’t know what you are doing. Even if you are aware that trout are feeding
on a certain type of insect but do not know what stage of activity is occurring at the time, you still
may be relying on pure luck. Fortunately for some of us, it is sometimes “good luck” and we still
manage to catch a few without knowing anything much other than the name of the stream we are
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|...Angie with a rainbow - Silver Creek, ID